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adaptiveoptics.org provides news and information for the world-wide adaptive optics community.
Rochester, New York – October 23, 2007:
David R. Williams,
William G. Allyn Professor of Medical Optics
and director of the
University of Rochester's
Center for Visual Science,
has won the 2007
Alfred W. Bressler Prize in Vision Science,
awarded each year by the
Jewish Guild for the Blind.
Williams is being recognized for his extensive
and groundbreaking research on the mechanisms of human vision.
He accepted the award and the $37,500 prize
at a ceremony this weekend in New York City.
Williams and colleagues have developed a camera that incorporates "adaptive optics" to see inside the human eye more clearly than ever before. The camera can take pictures of structures as small as single cells at the back of the living eye.
A key to the camera is a precision device known as a deformable mirror, equipped with 140 tiny computer-controlled pistons arranged on the back surface of a 4 mm square mirror. These pistons push and pull ever so slightly on the mirror to correct the particular pattern of optical defects in each person's eye. Williams's adaptive optics technology is now used at dozens of research laboratories around the world to study blinding diseases such as glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, age-related macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy.
Not only has the team used adaptive optics to see into the eye,
they are also using adaptive optics to allow people to see out into the world more clearly.
The technology provides a detailed description of the optical defects
in a person's eye that make possible customized contact lenses and refractive surgery for each particular patient.
Bausch & Lomb's
which provides customized refractive surgery tailored to the needs of each patient,
is one technology that has already emerged from Williams's research.
Williams has appointments in the University's Departments of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Ophthalmology, Biomedical Engineering, and the Institute of Optics. He has eight patents and has authored more than 100 scientific publications. In addition to many other awards, Williams is a 2003 and 2007 recipient of an R&D Magazine R&D 100 award for the 100 most technologically significant inventions of each of those years. Williams received his doctorate in psychology from the University of California at San Diego.
Optos Enters Licence Agreement With Univ. of Rochester For Using Adaptive Optics in Retinal Imaging, Oct 2006.
Color Perception Is Not in the Eye of the Beholder: It's in the Brain, Oct 2005.
Surprising Colorblindness Finding Sheds Light On Retinal Diseases, Jun 2004.
Adaptive Optics Technology Provides Powerful Tools For Eye Doctors, Jun 2002.
Technology First Aimed at Heavens Now Makes 'Super' Human Vision Possible, Jun 2000.
About the Bressler Prize in Vision Science:
The Bressler Prize in Vision Science at the Jewish Guild for the Blind was established in 2001, through a bequest of Alfred W. Bressler (1905–1999). Bressler was a New York attorney for more than 70 years, most of that time with the law firm of Moses & Singer. A graduate of the Columbia University School of Law in 1927, Bressler received recognition in 1998 when a professorship at Columbia was named in his honor.
About the University of Rochester:
The University of Rochester is one of the nation's leading private universities. Located in Rochester, N.Y., the University gives students exceptional opportunities for interdisciplinary study and close collaboration with faculty through its unique cluster-based curriculum. Its College of Arts, Sciences, and Engineering is complemented by the Eastman School of Music, Simon School of Business, Warner School of Education, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Schools of Medicine and Nursing, and the Memorial Art Gallery.
Full Press Release
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